3 scientists will receive Nobel physics prize for cosmology findings
ByFunAsia 07 Oct 2020 11:33 PM 56

On Tuesday, Three scientists won Nobel Prizes in physics for advancing our understanding of black holes.


According to reports from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Briton Roger Penrose will receive half of this year's prize "for the discovery that black hole the formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity."


The academy's secretary-general, Goran K. Hansson said, German Reinhard Genzel and American Andrea Ghez will be honored with the second half of the prize "for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the center of our galaxy."


Nobel committee scientists said, these prizes celebrate "one of the most exotic objects in the universe," black holes, which have become a staple of science fiction and science fact and where time even seems to stand still. Penrose proved mathematically that black holes' formation was possible, based on Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity.


Genzel and Ghez observed the dust-covered center of our Milky Way galaxy where something strange was going on, several stars moving around something they couldn't see.


And found a black hole, not an ordinary one, but a supermassive black hole, 4 million times the mass of our sun.


Now our scientists know that all galaxies have their supermassive black holes.


Sharing prize is common these days. Last year's Noble Prize was awarded to Canadian-born cosmologist James Peebles for theoretical work about the early moments after the Big Bang, and Swiss astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz for discovering a planet outside our solar system.


The Noble Prize is a prestigious award that comes with a gold medal and prize money of 10 million Swedish kronor (more than $1.1 million), courtesy of a bequest left 124 years ago by the prize's creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel. This amount was increased to adjust for inflation.


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